Categories: Health & Fitness

what are the effects of this very powerful opioid?

Spread the love

Oxycodone is a very powerful analgesic prescribed for severe pain (such as that of cancer for example). It is on the list of narcotic drugs and has many side effects, some of which can be serious.

Oxycodone is a drug opioid classified as “strong”. The opioid analgesic the most consumed in France is the tramadolrecalled theANSM in 2019 then codeine. I’oxycodone is the one whose use has increased the most in recent years. It is consumed as much as morphine From now on. If this goes in the direction of better pain management, the Medicines Agency observes a increase in misuse, as well as poisonings and deaths related to the use of opioid analgesics such as oxycodone.

Definition: what is oxycodone?

Oxycodone, its chemical name dihydro-oxycodeinonebelongs to the family of opioid analgesics. It’s a analgesic very powerful, synthetic derivative of a naturally occurring alkaloid present in opium: thebaine. It’s a narcotic drug, more potent than codeine and with a addiction risk also more important. In its raw form, oxycodone is a odorless white powder.

Weak opioid analgesics Strong opioid analgesics



opium powder




What medications contain oxycodone?

The main drugs containing oxycodone areOxycontin® and Oxynorm®.

What are the effects of oxycodone?

Oxycodone reduces pain by acting on the central nervous system. Its effects are: analgesics, anxiolytics, antitussives and sedatives. Because oxycodone is exclusively a opioid receptor agonist, its analgesic effect is related to the dose administered without there being a maximum dose, as long as the adverse effects are controlled.

What are the side effects of oxycodone?

Oxycodone has many side effects, some of which can be potentially serious. Among the most common are:

  • of the digestive disorders (abdominal pain, constipation, nausea, vomiting),
  • of the central nervous system disorders (drowsiness, confusion, dizziness, headache, insomnia, nightmares, hallucinations, anxiety, depression, mood swings, tremors),
  • of the itching or a rash,
  • loss of appetite,
  • heavy sweating,
  • a dry mouth,
  • urinary retention or urination disorders,
  • breathing difficulties or bronchial spasms,
  • hypotension.

Oxycodone can also cause poisoning symptoms, such as a respiratory depression can be fatal, dilation of the pupil, A slow heart rate, pulmonary oedema, circulatory failure, or even the drowsiness may progress to a coma. It is therefore essential to avoid any risk of overdose. Similarly, oxycodone can cause abuse, addiction as well as withdrawal symptoms on discontinuation of treatment. Thus in the event of prolonged intake, a gradual reduction in doses (on medical advice) is necessary.

What is the mode of action of oxycodone?

Oxycodone is one of the opioid analgesics. It’s a agonist of kappa-, mu-, and delta-type opioid receptors in the brain, spinal cord, and peripheral organs. By binding to these receptors, it activates their therapeutic effects.
Oxycodone may also have a action on the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (or gonadal) axis resulting in changes such as increased prolactin in the blood as well as a decreased cortisol and testosterone. These hormonal changes can manifest themselves in various symptoms.

When to take oxycodone?

Oxycodone is indicated in the severe pain which cannot be relieved by lower-level analgesics, such as in the cancer pain.

What is the difference between oxycodone and morphine?

Oxycodone and morphine have a similar mechanism of action. On the other hand, taken orally, the effect of oxycodone on pain is 1.5 to 2 times more potent than that of morphine (depending on the considered dose of morphine for the comparison). However, this difference is not found for the injectable route, the efficacy on pain of oxycodone being similar to that of morphine. In addition, oxycodone has the advantage of having effect on neuropathic pain.

Is it available with or without a prescription?

Oxycodone is a substance listed on the list of narcotic drugs, which can in no case be delivered without a prescription. Additionally, oxycodone should be prescribed by the doctor on a secure prescription, the regulation of narcotics being strictly supervised. THE Oxycodone prescriptions are only valid for a maximum of 28 days.

What are the contraindications of oxycodone?

Alcohol is strongly discouraged during treatment with oxycodone

Oxycodone is contraindicated:

  • in case of hypersensitivity to oxycodone or to one of the components present in the medicinal product concerned,
  • in case of severe respiratory depression,
  • in case of severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD),
  • in case of cor pulmonale (damage to the right ventricle),
  • or in case ofsevere bronchial asthma,
  • in case ofparalytic ileus (slowing down or stopping transit),
  • or in case ofacute abdomen (syndrome affecting the abdomen).

Oxycodone should be used with caution, especially in the event of kidney or liver failureof thyroid, bile duct or pancreatic disorders, inflammatory bowel disease or bowel surgery, epilepsy, cerebral hypertension, prostate adenoma, alcoholism or opiate dependence. Alcohol is strongly discouraged during treatment with oxycodone. Oxycodone should be used with caution during pregnancy or breastfeeding as well as in the elderly, but also in the event of simultaneous intake of drugs that may interact or accentuate its undesirable effects.

#effects #powerful #opioid

Published by

Recent Posts

How to feel good about yourself?

It happens to all of us to feel bad about ourselves and to know moments…

2 months ago

Easy recipe for Greek potatoes on the BBQ!

Welcome » Next to » Accompaniments » Greek potatoes on the BBQ Ingredients : 2…

2 months ago

normal doses of calcium in the blood

The measurement of calcemia, that is to say the level of calcium in the blood,…

2 months ago

Albumin in the urine (albuminuria): is it serious?

Albumin is a protein normally present in the blood, not in the urine. When it…

2 months ago

Inflammatory breast cancer: sign, what is it, aggressive?

Inflammatory breast cancer is a rare but aggressive type of breast tumour, which represents 1…

2 months ago

Blood ionogram: knowing how to interpret its results

The blood ionogram is one of the most requested laboratory tests. It includes the dosage…

2 months ago

This website uses cookies.